Nicolas Gross

Nicolas Gross


Agreenskills+
session, year:
2014 2nd

Status:
Former fellow

Receiving laboratory:
Semiarid Ecology and Global change Lab, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, ESCET

Country of origin:

France

Country of destination:

Spain

Last available contact

Email(s):
gross@cebc.cnrs.fr

Website(s):
http://www.escet.urjc.es/biodive...

CV:
Download Curriculum Vitae

Mobility project

Assessing the efFEct of global change driVERs on ecosystem multifunctionality in global drylands (FEVERs)

The project aims to assess the impact of global change drivers (climate, land use) on multifunctionality (i.e. the ability of an ecosystem to sustain multiple functions simultaneously) in global drylands. Dryland ecosystems are highly vulnerable to desertification and support 38% of the total human population. We will use a trait-based approach with a global database from 236 sites from all continents.  We will (i) quantify the effect of global change on plant and soil functional diversity; (ii) assess how changes in dryland functional diversity impact multifunctionality; (iii) develop process-oriented models to forecast the effect of global change in global drylands.

Biography & research interests

I am an ecologist interested in the study of biodiversity. I am working at INRA as researcher on a permanent position. My main research area is the study of biotic interactions within and across trophic levels. One of my leading achievements today has been to produce important insights on how biotic interactions (plant-plant and plant-animal interactions) determine the structure of plant communities, species coexistence and feedback on ecosystem functioning. I am using functional traits as a tool to upscale individual response to biotic interactions at the community and ecosystem levels. I use different approaches including descriptive data on community trait, models and experimentations.

Selected publications

Le Bagousse-Pinguet Y. *, Gross N.*, Maire V., de Bello F., Fonseca CR., Kattge J., Valencia E., Leps J., Maestre F.T, Liancourt P., 2017. Testing the environmental filtering concept in global drylands. Journal of Ecology. 105: 1058-1069. Doi: 10.1111/1365-2745.12735.  *equal contribution

Le Provost G., Gross N., Deraison H., Roncoroni M., Badenhausser I., 2017. Trait-matching and mass effect determine the functional response of herbivore community to land use intensification. Functional Ecology, 31: 1600-1611. Doi: 10.1111/13652435.12849.

Le Bagousse-Pinguet Y., Borger L., Quero J.L., Garcia M., Soriano M. S., Maestre F.T., Gross N., 2015. Traits of neighbouring plants and space limitation determine intra-specific trait variability in semi-arid shrublands. Journal of Ecology, 103, 1647-1657.

Valencia-Gomez E., Maestre T F., Le Bagousse Pinguet Y., Quero, J.L., Tamm R., Borger L., Garcia Gomez M., Gross N., 2015. Functional diversity enhanced resistance of ecosystem multifunctionality to aridity in Mediterranean drylands. New Phytologist, 206, 600-671.

 

Awards & patents

Nominated Top referee by Biology Letters (2012)

Talks in annual meetings

Multifunctionality in global drylands
2015 / P3 Population and Ecosystems / by Nicolas Gross / Fellows Speed Presentation

Keywords

functional diversity, plant functional traits, biotic interactions, drylands, multifunctionality, ecosystem functioning, global changes, land use, Biodiversity, climate change