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The ambition of the project is to develop a theory on the provisioning and stability of multiple ecosystem services (ES) and their synergies and trade-offs in heterogeneous landscapes. The theoretical framework thus developed will be applied to specific case studies: the interplay between three types of services i) crop and honey production, ii) pollination (bees) and weeds regulation, and iii) conservation of rare or flagship species. In agricultural landscapes, several networks involving bee pollinators and habitats at local and landscape scales seem to co-exist independently of each other. Semi-natural elements are important for wild bees, but compete for crops lands. However, this crops production is important for both economic values and for honeybees and honey production. These networks are related, through their dependency on shared limiting resources, for instance the weeds that provide floral resources for both honeybees and wild bees. Farmland systems are also characterized by strong temporal variation, possibly leading to unstable dynamics in biodiversity or trophic relationships within communities or metacommunities. Consequently, tradeoffs between the magnitude and stability of these ES and the magnitude and/or stability of crop production may occur through competition for space and habitat conversion (from semi natural elements to crops), and the use of pesticides and herbicides in crops that also kill beneficial pollinators and weeds. Furthermore, synergies may also occur by reduction of pesticides and herbicides Our goal is to offer new perspectives on farmland landscape management that better take into account the spatiotemporal dynamics of multiple ES, with two main aims: develop a theoretical framework of stability of multiple ES in heterogeneous landscapes, and study the ecological consequences of landscape management policies that take into account the stability of ES in addition to the magnitude in their provision.
Following a degree in environmental sciences, I soon decided to start a career in science. During my PhD (Spain) I studied the spatial structure of forest communities and their response to habitat loss and fragmentation, and was able to spend time at different international research institutions (University of California Irvine, Princeton University, University of London, Microsoft Research Cambridge). One key outcome of my PhD was recognition that species interactions confers robustness to deforestation. This led to an interest in ecological networks and field ecology, and prepared me to join the Community Ecology at Bristol, UK. At that time, I focused on applying techniques and recent advances from food web theory, biodiversity-ecosystem functioning, and meta-community theory into ecological restoration, and had the opportunity to collaborate with conservation institutions. This project was followed by a Marie Curie Fellowship, where I led a field-based project on food web structure and function in intertidal salt marshes. The AgreenSkills fellowship allows me to continue developing my research interests on biodiversity and ecosystem functioning.
Moreno-Mateos D., Barbier E.B., Jones P.C., Jones H.P., Aronson J., López-López J.A., McCrackin M.L., Meli P., Montoya D. & Rey-Benayas J.M., 2017. Anthropogenic ecosystem disturbance and the recovery debt. Nature Communications 8:14163. Doi: 10.1038/ncomms1463.
Lurgi, M., Montoya, D. & Montoya, J.M., 2016 The role of space and diversity of interaction types on the stability of complex ecological networks. Special Issue: Theory of Food Webs. Theoretical Ecology 9, 3-13.
Montoya, D., Yallop, M.L. & Memmott, J., 2015. Functional group diversity increases with modularity in complex food webs. Nature Communications 6:7379. Doi: 10.1038/ncomms8379.
Montoya, D., Rogers, L. & Memmott, J., 2012. Emerging perspectives in the restoration of biodiversity-based ecosystem services. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 27, 666-672.
Montoya, D., Zavala, M. A., Rodríguez, M. A. & Purves, D. W., 2008. Animal versus wind dispersal and the robustness of tree species to deforestation. Science 320, 1502-1504.